Cawthorne is a village in the Metropolitan Borough of Barnsley in South Yorkshire, England. The village was once the centre of a localised iron and coal mining industry, though today it is the centre of a very affluent commuter belt, west of Barnsley. At the 2001 census it had a population of 1,108.

It has a choral society, a brass band a village museum, a stately home Cannon Hall, and a Young Farmers Club. The local charitable club Cawthorne wives (previously Cawthorne young wives) holds regular meetings and constantly raises money for local and national charities. Young people are catered for by the thriving drama club, Grass Roots, which produces an annual play ranging from comedy to Shakespeare. Every four years the village also produces a Community Drama in the grounds of Cannon Hall involving the band, choral society and 100 actors from the village. In 2000 this was One Breath and in 2004 Time and Chance. The next production is scheduled for 2009. The village pub, the Spencer Arms is so-called in recognition of the village's association with the Spencer-Stanhope family who once owned large swathes of the local area: Their family home was situated at Cannon Hall, the park of which borders the village. Cannon Hall is now a museum run by Barnsley Metropolitan Borough Council.

There are many locations in the village that afford spectacular views of the surrounding countryside. Cawthorne is frequented by ramblers as many excellent walking routes start from the village.

The village is home to a museum which contains (amongst other things) a boot worn by a man struck by lightning, native American smoking devices and a twin headed cow. It was built to commemorate a visit by Queen Victoria.

All Saints church overlooks the village, and there is a Methodist church on Darton Road. All Saints contains memorials to the Barnby and Spencer families, among others..

Most of the upkeep of Cawthorne is carried out by local residents.

Nearest Town is Barnsley, a town in South Yorkshire, England. It lies on the River Dearne, 11.8 miles (19 km) north of the city of Sheffield, and 14.5 miles (23 km) west of Doncaster. Barnsley is surrounded by several smaller settlements which together form the Metropolitan Borough of Barnsley, of which Barnsley is the largest settlement and administrative centre. Barnsley has a total population of over 72,000. Historically a part of the West Riding of Yorkshire, Barnsley is notable as a former industrial town centred on coal mining and glassmaking. Though these industries demised in the 20th century, Barnsley's local culture remains rooted in this industrial heritage; Barnsley has a tradition of brass bands, originally created as social clubs for its mining communities. Today, Barnsley is commonly referred to as "The Tarn" by many of its residents. It is between junctions 36 and 37 of the M1 motorway and has a railway station served by the Hallam and Penistone Lines. Barnsley F.C. is the local Association Football club

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Cawthorne village - a great place to visit

A walk through the stone cottages of Cawthorne village takes you to the fascinating Cawthorne Jubilee Museum, a wonderful collection of artefacts from the agricultural to the exotic. Cawthorne always puts on a beautiful display for the 'Britain in Bloom' competion.

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